Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 56--64

Maternal and neonatal complications in twin deliveries as compared to singleton deliveries following In vitro fertilization


Reena Gupta1, Parnita Sardana1, Parul Arora1, Jwal Banker2, Sandeep Shah1, Manish Banker1 
1 Nova IVF Fertility, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Shrimati Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute and Research Center, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Reena Gupta
Nova IVF Fertility, 108, Swastik Society Cross Road, Swastik Society, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad - 380 009, Gujarat
India

Background: Twin pregnancy is an iatrogenic complication following in vitro fertilization (IVF) that can be decreased using elective single-embryo transfer. However, the risks associated with twin pregnancy following IVF as compared to singleton IVF pregnancy need to be further evaluated. Aim: This study aims to compare the maternal, perinatal, and neonatal complications in singleton and twin pregnancies following IVF-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Settings and Design: Retrospective observational cohort study using previously collected routine patient data. Materials and Methods: Singleton and twin deliveries following IVF/ICSI from January 2014 to August 2015 were included. Data were collected from patient records and the obstetricians of the patients. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS was used for analysis. Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test were used for continuous and categorical data, respectively. Significance was kept at 0.05. Results: There were 897 singleton and 382 twin deliveries (total of 1661 babies). The mean gestational age at delivery was lower in twin deliveries (34.9 ± 3.1 weeks) as compared to singleton deliveries (36.8 ± 3.2 weeks, P < 0.001). The overall incidence of maternal complications was higher in twin pregnancies (29.3% vs. 21.3%, odds ratio = 1.53, 95% confidence interval = 1.17–2.01; P= 0.003). The mean birth weight of babies was significantly lower (2.02 ± 0.58 kg vs. 2.71 ± 0.68 kg; P < 0.001) and the incidence of stillbirth plus neonatal death was higher (7.5% vs. 4.6%, P = 0.01) in the twin group as compared to the singleton group. Conclusion: Twin deliveries, following IVF/ICSI deliver at lower gestational age, have lower birth weight and have higher odds of stillbirth plus neonatal death as compared to singleton deliveries following IVF/ICSI.


How to cite this article:
Gupta R, Sardana P, Arora P, Banker J, Shah S, Banker M. Maternal and neonatal complications in twin deliveries as compared to singleton deliveries following In vitro fertilization.J Hum Reprod Sci 2020;13:56-64


How to cite this URL:
Gupta R, Sardana P, Arora P, Banker J, Shah S, Banker M. Maternal and neonatal complications in twin deliveries as compared to singleton deliveries following In vitro fertilization. J Hum Reprod Sci [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jun 15 ];13:56-64
Available from: https://www.jhrsonline.org/article.asp?issn=0974-1208;year=2020;volume=13;issue=1;spage=56;epage=64;aulast=Gupta;type=0