Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 149-155
The use of pooled consecutive ejaculates in moderate male factor infertility to increase intrauterine insemination success


Department of Reproductive Medicine, Cloudnine Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sumana Gurunath
Department of Reproductive Medicine, Cloudnine Hospital, 47, 17th Cross, 11th Main, Malleshwaram, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.jhrs_27_21

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Background: Male factor is a predominant cause of infertility. Success rates of intrauterine insemination(IUI) for male factor depend upon minimum semen parameters such as progressive motility > 30%, strict morphology > 4%, total motile count in the native sample (TMSC) >5 million and inseminating motile count (IMC) > 5 million. Couples with parameters lesser than these are usually advised IVF-ICSI. In developing countries, affordability for IVF is an important deterrent to its widespread utilisation. Aims: To evaluate pregnancy rates after the use of a pooled consecutive ejaculate in infertile men with semen parameters of < 5 million TMSC, and to compare with pregnancy rates achieved among couples with semen parameters > 5 million TMSC after processing of a single ejaculate. Settings and Design: Private infertility practice. Retrospective study from Oct 2012 to June 2019. Methods and Materials: All consecutive patients (n=1979) who underwent IUI in the given study period were included. Patients undergoing donor sperm insemination and low IMC (<1 mill) were excluded from the study. The study group (n=128) included patients in whom the total motile sperm count (TMSC) of the native sample was < 5 million. The control group (n=1851) included patients with normal semen parameters. All participants of the study group with TMSC < 5 million were asked to give a second ejaculate within an hour or two of producing the first. The pooled consecutive ejaculates were used for sample processing and insemination. The primary outcome measure was clinical pregnancy rate. The secondary outcome measures were semen quality of the second ejaculate, TMSC and IMC of both groups. Statistical Analysis: Quantitative parameters were compared using Independent sample t-test and Mann Whitney u test. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was performed to test the association between the explanatory variables and outcome variable. P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: 6.47% (128/1979) of men were required to give a consecutive ejaculate. The initial ejaculate had significantly higher volume (2ml vs 1 ml; P < 0.001); but lower concentration (8 million/ml vs 19 million/ml; P <0.001) and lower progressive motility (25% vs 35%; P <0.001) in comparison with the second. The final IMC of the pooled ejaculate was 9.01 million vs 21.6 million in the control group (P<0.001). The clinical pregnancy rate was comparable between the control group and the consecutive ejaculate group (15.4% vs 15.63%; P =0.94). Conclusion: Consecutive semen samples produced immediately after the first have significantly lower volume but higher sperm count and progressive motility. In couples with moderate male factor infertility with semen parameters inadequate for IUI, pooled consecutive ejaculates yield higher inseminating motile counts which enhance IUI success rates.


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