Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 129-136
Assessment and establishment of correlation between reactive oxidation species, citric acid, and fructose level in infertile male individuals: A machine-learning approach


1 Department of Studies in Zoology, University of Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Genetics and Genomics, University of Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Suttur S Malini
Department of Studies in Zoology, University of Mysore, Mysore - 570 006, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.jhrs_26_21

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Background: Biochemical complexity of seminal plasma and obesity has an important role in male infertility (MI); so far, it has not been possible to provide evidence of clinical significance for all of them. Aims: Our goal here is to evaluate the correlation between biochemical markers with semen parameters, which might play a role in MI. Study Setting and Design: We enlisted 100 infertile men as patients and 50 fertile men as controls to evaluate the sperm parameters and biochemical markers in ascertaining MI. Materials and Methods: Semen analyses, seminal fructose, citric acid, and reactive oxidation species (ROS) were measured in 100 patients and 50 controls. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics, an independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and machine-learning approaches were used to integrate the various biochemical and seminal parameters measured to quantify the inter-relatedness between these measurements. Results: Pearson correlation results showed a significant positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and fructose levels. Citric acid had a positive correlation with sperm count, morphology, motility, and volume but displayed a negative correlation with BMI and basal metabolic rate (BMR). However, BMI and BMR had a positive correlation with ROS. Sperm count, morphology, and motility were negative correlations with ROS. The machine-learning approach detected that pH was the most critical parameter with an inverse effect on citric acid, and BMI and motility were the most critical parameter for ROS. Conclusion: We recommend that evaluation of biochemical markers of seminal fluid may benefit in understanding the etiology of MI based on the functionality of accessory glands and ROS levels.


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