Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 136-140
Correlation between serum progesterone level on the day of ovulation trigger during In vitro fertilization and its effect on treatment outcome

1 Department of ART, 151 Base Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India
2 Department of ART, AH (R and R), New Delhi, India
3 Department of Biochemistry, AH (R and R), New Delhi, India
4 Department of Lab Medicine, 151 Base Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pankaj Talwar
Army Hospital (R and R), Delhi Cantt, New Delhi - 110 010
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_115_18

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Background: Premature luteinization (PL) is defined as a premature rise in serum progesterone concentration on or before the day of ovulation trigger with human chorionic gonadotropin. The incidence of PL varies between 5% and 30% during in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Materials and Methods: The prospective observational study comprising 380 patients undergoing IVF-ET. Blood samples were collected for serum progesterone level estimation on the day of ovulation trigger. Ovum pickup was done 36 h later and serum progesterone levels were correlated with IVF-ET outcome. Study Outcome: To correlate serum progesterone level on the day of ovulation trigger during IVF and its effect on treatment outcome. Results: Mean serum progesterone level in the positive pregnancy group and negative pregnancy group was 0.892 ± 0.752 ng/ml and 0.91 ± 0.688 ng/ml, respectively (P = 0.961). The overall incidence of PL was 12.8% with 12.7% and 13.6% in the agonist and antagonist protocol respectively (P = 0.9001). PL incidence was 13.5% and 13.4% in positive pregnancy and negative pregnancy group (P = 0.223). Conclusion: PL has been associated with 12.8% of the IVF cycles. There was no statistically significant difference observed in the incidence of PL between different IVF stimulation protocols. PL does not seem to affect IVF outcome.

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