Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 297--301

Delayed presentation of turner syndrome: Challenge to optimal management


Uma Kaimal Saikia, Dipti Sarma, Yogesh Yadav 
 Department of Endocrinology, Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yogesh Yadav
Department of Endocrinology, Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati - 781 032, Assam
India

Background: Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal disorder associated with dysmorphic features and comorbidities, with recent trends focusing on early diagnosis for adequate management. Aim: The aim is to study the age and mode of presentation of TS, associated comorbidities and look for any correlation with the genotype. Material and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of girls with TS attending the endocrinology clinic of a tertiary care center. Their age, mode of presentation, and clinical features were noted. All participants underwent ear examination, echocardiography, and ultrasonography of the abdomen. Laboratory investigations included serum T4, thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroid peroxidase antibodies, follicle-stimulating hormone, fasting, and 2-h plasma glucose after 75 g glucose load and a karyotype. Simple descriptive statistical methods were used. Results: Seventeen cases of TS were seen with a median age of presentation of 18 years (range 14–42 years). Primary amenorrhea was the most common reason for seeking medical attention (76.4%) followed by short stature and diabetes mellitus (11.8% each). The mean height at presentation was 137.5 ± 5.4 cm. Monosomy of X chromosome (45,X) was the most common karyotype obtained in 58.8% of the patients, followed by 45,X/46, XX in 17.6%, 45,X/46X,i(X)(q10) in 11.8%, and 45,X/47,XXX and 46X,delXp11.2 in 5.9% patients each. Bicuspid aortic valve was seen in two patients having a 45,X/46,XX karyotype. Conclusion: Primary amenorrhea is the most common presenting feature in girls with TS leading to a delayed age of presentation. Short stature and dysmorphic features are often overlooked in infancy and childhood due to socioeconomic factors. This late age of presentation is a cause of concern as early detection and management is important for height outcomes, bone health, and psychosocial support. Assessment of comorbidities becomes important in this setting.


How to cite this article:
Saikia UK, Sarma D, Yadav Y. Delayed presentation of turner syndrome: Challenge to optimal management.J Hum Reprod Sci 2017;10:297-301


How to cite this URL:
Saikia UK, Sarma D, Yadav Y. Delayed presentation of turner syndrome: Challenge to optimal management. J Hum Reprod Sci [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Mar 30 ];10:297-301
Available from: http://www.jhrsonline.org/article.asp?issn=0974-1208;year=2017;volume=10;issue=4;spage=297;epage=301;aulast=Saikia;type=0