Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 98-102
Oocyte retrieval at 140-mmHg negative aspiration pressure: A promising alternative to flushing and aspiration in assisted reproduction in women with low ovarian reserve


1 Department of OBG, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Clinical Embryology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Aswathy Kumaran
Department of OBG, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: The authors of this publication are affiliated with Department of OBG, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal. The terms of this arrangement have been reviewed and approved by the Manipal University, Manipal, in accordance with its policy on objectivity in research


DOI: 10.4103/0974-1208.158617

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Background: Oocyte retrieval in women with low ovarian reserve is challenging and often results in poor pregnancy outcomes. Aim: The aim was to compare outcomes of oocyte retrieval using three aspiration methods in women with normal and low antral follicle counts (AFCs). Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: Data from 172 women who underwent in-vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection over 3 years was studied after dividing into three groups: Group A (96) - normal AFC (≥10), direct oocyte retrieval at 120 mmHg, Group B (41) - low AFC (<10), direct retrieval at 140-mmHg, Group C (35) - low AFC, follicular flushing, and aspiration at 120-mmHg. In each group, oocyte yield, embryo quality, and pregnancy out comes were assessed. Results: The oocyte and embryo yield in Groups A and B were comparable (P > 0.05) but were significantly less in Group C (P < 0.05). The pregnancy rates in Groups A and B were similar (35.4%, 39%) but were significantly less (17.1%) in Group C (P < 0.05). The live birth rate was 76% in Group A, 69% in Group B, and 50% in Group C. The miscarriage rates in the three groups were 21%, 31%, and 50%, respectively. Conclusion: Direct oocyte retrieval with 140-mmHg showed significantly better oocyte yield and pregnancy outcomes compared to flushing and aspiration in women with low AFC.


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