Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48-51
Comparison of depression, anxiety, stress, and related factors among women and men with human immunodefi ciency virus infection


1 Midwifery, Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran, Iran
2 Nursing and Midfiwery Faculty, Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of, Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Zahra M Behboodi
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran university of Medical Sciences, Tohid Square, East Nosrat Street, Tehran 14159
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-1208.153128

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Aims: To compare depression, anxiety, stress, and related factors among women and men with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Settings And Design: In this cross-sectional survey conducted between November and September 2013, 200 participants with HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) attending Consultation Centers. Materials And Methods: Participants with HIV/AIDS were interviewed using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales questionnaire (DASS 21 ). Results: There were significant associations between marital status of women and the level of depression (P < 0.05). However, the mean depression and anxiety in women are greater than men (P < 0.05), and the mean stress in men is greater than women (P < 0.05). Conclusions: HIV infection is related with psychiatric disorders. According to the results, women are more vulnerable to depression and anxiety and they need more care. Management of these psychiatric disorders is very important and requires innovative comprehensive approaches.


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