Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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LETTER TO EDITOR  
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 103-104
 

Nuclear detonation and infertility: Evidence


Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok, Thailand

Date of Web Publication15-Oct-2011

Correspondence Address:
Viroj Wiwanitkit
Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok 10330
Thailand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-1208.86095

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How to cite this article:
Wiwanitkit V. Nuclear detonation and infertility: Evidence. J Hum Reprod Sci 2011;4:103-4

How to cite this URL:
Wiwanitkit V. Nuclear detonation and infertility: Evidence. J Hum Reprod Sci [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 Apr 9];4:103-4. Available from: http://www.jhrsonline.org/text.asp?2011/4/2/103/86095


Sir,

The present global public health discussion is on the nuclear denotation originating in Japan after the destruction of nuclear electricity plant as a result of tsunami in March. The effect on reproductive system after the exposure to the radioactive contamination from nuclear is an interesting topic to be discussed. The observation on the infertility and relationship to nuclear detonation is of interest. Referring to the well-known documented nuclear leakage problem in 1986 in Russia, the infertility after exposure is mentioned. [1],[2] The identified infertility condition is reported to be a non-dosage-related phenomenon. [2] It is proposed that the alteration of the antioxidative system in the affected population is the main pathogenesis leading to infertility. [3] Poor quality of the semen in the subjects exposed to the radiation can be observed. [4] Change in sperm count and ultrastructure of spermatozoa, especially at head are important findings. [4],[5] In addition to pathologic changes in semen, abnormal ultrasound finding demonstrating alterations in prostate and seminal vesicles similar to chronic prostatitis and vesiculitis was also reported. [6] Hence, the closed observation on the consequence of the present disaster is recommended and the infertility should be a focus in following up of case exposure to the nuclear detonation.

 
   References Top

1.Stögmann W. The radiation accident. Wien Klin Wochenschr 1988;100:542-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Evdokimov VV, Erasova VI, Demin AI, Dubinina EB, Liubchenko PN. State of the reproductive system of men who participated in the cleaning-up of aftereffects of the Chernobyl AES accident. Med Tr Prom Ekol 1993;3-4:25-6.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Ivaniota L, Dubchak AS, Tyshchenko VK. Free radical oxidation of lipids and antioxidant system of blood in infertile women in a radioactive environment. Ukr Biokhim Zh 1998;70:132-5.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Goncharov NP, Katsiya GV, Kolesnikova GS, Dobracheva GA, Todua TN, Vax VV, et al. Endocrine and reproductive health status of men who had experienced short-term radiation exposure at Chernobyl. Int J Androl 1998;21:271-6.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Fischbein A, Zabludovsky N, Eltes F, Grischenko V, Bartoov B. Ultramorphological sperm characteristics in the risk assessment of health effects after radiation exposure among salvage workers in Chernobyl. Environ Health Perspect 1997;105 Suppl 6:1445-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.Evdokimov VV, Erasova VI, Demin AI, Dubinina EB, Liubchenko PN. State of the reproductive system of men who participated in the cleaning-up of aftereffects of the Chernobyl AES accident. Med Tr Prom Ekol 1993;3-4:25-6.  Back to cited text no. 6
    



This article has been cited by
1 Change in sex hormone profile due to exposure to nuclides in nuclear detonation crisis: A topic to be discussed in reproductive medicine
Wiwanitkit, V.
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 2012; 10(3): 279-280
[Pubmed]



 

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